authors:Jeffrey Derevensky, Jason Gilliland, Rina Gupta, Nancy A. Ross, Dana Helene Wilson
published in: 2006
summary: Gambling is a risky behaviour that involves uncertain financial outcomes, can be addictive, and has been associated with strongly adverse social and public health outcomes. We wanted to assess whether socio-economic and gambling-related-opportunity environments of neighbourhoods affected the uptake of video lottery terminal (VLT) gambling among Montréal youth. Spatial and statistical analyses were conducted to examine geographical patterns of neighbourhood socio-economic conditions, VLT sites (n=407), and high school locations (n=305) within the Montréal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA). VLT concentration within high school neighbourhoods was measured to examine how the number of VLT opportunities varies according to socio-economic status of the school neighbourhood. A student survey was analyzed using logistic regression analysis to explore the role of individual (student) characteristics and environmental (neighbourhood) characteristics in predicting the VLT gambling behaviours reported among a sample (n=1206) of high school students. Video lottery gambling opportunities are more prevalent near schools located in socio-economically deprived neighbourhoods compared with schools located in more affluent neighbourhoods. The principal individual risk factors for VLT gambling were shown to be male sex, peer VLT-use, substance use, as well as the after-school routines of youth. The spatial distribution of VLTs reflects local geographies of socio-economic disadvantage and may have a pronounced impact on students attending schools in lower income neighbourhoods, especially those with individual risk factors. Efforts to reduce gambling-related public health costs may want to take into account the socio-spatial distribution of gambling opportunities, particularly in the local environments that youth frequent.
related url: http://journal.cpha.ca/index.php/cjph/article/viewFile/72...
Note: This link will take you to an external website. GambLib.org is not responsible for accessibility and content of external websites.
type: article in journal
publisher: Canadian Public Health Association
is part of a publication: Canadian Journal of Public Health
original language: English
article pagination: pages: 5 start page: 202
keywords: behavior , costs , drug use , economic conditions , gambling industry , gaming machine , public health , risk factors , school , secondary school students , studies
- Article entered in GambLIB database on feb. 24. 2009, 10:02
- Item added by user Tina Krušnik