The factorial structure of pathological gambling

  • authors:

    Alex Blaszczynski, Steel Zachary
  • published in

    : 1996
  • summary

    : Pathological gambling has been characterised by DSM-III-R and DSM-IV as a disorder of impulse control with a proportion of gamblers identified as meeting criteria for a co-morbid diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder. To date, empirical evidence in support of the notion that pathological gamblers as a group manifest elevated traits of impulsivity remains equivocal. Principal components analysis was used to investigate relationships between the constructs of impulsivity, psychopathy, DSM-III-R criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder, psychological distress, criminal offending behavior and a range of other common psychological measures employed with pathological gamblers. The sample comprised 115 pathological gamblers, 80 consecutive gamblers seeking treatment from a general hospital psychiatric inpatient behavior therapy unit, and 35 volunteer Gamblers Anonymous attenders. Four primary factors were determined: psychological distress, sensation seeking, crime and liveliness, and impulsive-antisocial. Results suggest that pathological gambling consists of a number of discrete and reproducible factorial structures. The impulsive antisocial factor was found to be associated with gambling behavior and indices of poor psychosocial functioning. This article is a revision of a paper presented at the Ninth International Conference on Gambling and Risk Taking, Las Vegas, 1994. An earlier version was submitted for publication in W E Eadington & J Cornelius (Eds.) Gambling Behavior and Problem Gambling. Institute for the Study of Gambling and Commercial Gaming. University of Nevada, Reno. We would like to acknowledge the valuable contribution made by the anonymous reviewers and the Editor of theJournal of Gambling Studies in the development of this manuscript.
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  • type

    : article in journal
  • publisher

    : Springer Netherlands
  • is part of a publication

    : Journal of Gambling Studies
  • volume

    : 12
  • original language

    : English
  • article pagination

    : start page: 3 - end page: 20
  • ISSN: 1050-5350
  • keywords

    : gambling , gambling behavior , pathological gambling
  • Article entered in GambLIB database on june 4. 2008, 06:06
  • Item added by staff