Cognitive Distortions in Heavy Gambling

  • authors:

    T. Blitz-Miller, K. Calderwood, R. Dragonetti, T. Toneatto, A. Tsanos
  • published in

    : 1997
  • summary

    : A sample of 38 regular and heavy gamblers, recruited through advertisements and not seeking treatment, were asked to describe special strategies, techniques or rituals that they used to increase their chances of winning at gambling in an open-ended interview. The mean South Oaks Gambling Screen Score for the sample was 7.7 with 64% of the sample scoring higher than 4. Their responses reflected multiple means by which the individual believed they were able to control (i.e., active illusory control, passive illusory control), reframe (i.e., interpretive control), or predict (i.e., probability control, predictive control) gambling outcomes. A larger number of cognitive distortions was associated with playing games in which skill was potentially a component (e.g., cards, sports) than in non-skill games (e.g., lotteries) as well as a positive family history of gambling. There were no sex differences. Implications of these findings for the cognitive psychopathology of gambling are discussed.
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  • type

    : article in serial publication
  • publisher

    : Springer Netherlands
  • is part of a publication

    : Journal of Gambling Studies
  • volume

    : 13
  • issue

    : 3
  • original language

    : English
  • article pagination

    : start page: 253 - end page: 266
  • keywords

    : attitude , attribution , belief , cognitive bias , cognitive disorder , human , impulse control disorder , pathological gambling , superstition
  • Article entered in GambLIB database on march 6. 2008, 00:03
  • Item added by user Tina Krušnik